Frequent urination at night, medically called nocturia or nocturia, is a condition in which you get up more than once during the night to urinate. While the condition is more common among the elderly, it can happen to anyone of any age.

Most people don’t get up at night to urinate and sleep for 6-8 hours, but some people may need to urinate more often during the night. Although it can be annoying, the good news is that some treatments and lifestyle changes can help you get rid of the problem.

How often is normal to urinate at night?

If you get up to urinate two to three times a night or more, this is not normal.  (Image via Pexels/Miriam Alonso)
If you get up to urinate two to three times a night or more, this is not normal. (Image via Pexels/Miriam Alonso)

If you get up to urinate 2-3 times a night or more, this is not normal.

It is important to see a doctor right away, as there could be underlying problems. If left untreated, the condition can worsen and cause serious health problems in the future.

Frequent urination at night: What are the main causes?

Frequent urination can occur as a result of underlying health conditions, certain medications, or lifestyle choices.

Medical conditions

Many medical problems can lead to frequent urination at night. While common causes include a bladder infection or urinary tract infection, other medical conditions such as a prolapsed bladder, enlarged prostate, overactive bladder, kidney infection, obstructive sleep apnea, multiple sclerosis and diabetes are also some common reasons why you might urinate. a lot at night.

It is important to note that an overactive bladder at night is also common in people with organ failure.


Certain medications such as diuretics can also cause frequent urination at night as a side effect. Doctors generally prescribe these medications for high blood pressure, fluid retention, or heart failure.

If you are taking diuretics and you get up frequently to urinate, seek medical attention immediately.

lifestyle choices

Drinking alcohol before bed can lead to an overactive bladder at night.  (Image via Pexels/Charlotte May)
Drinking alcohol before bed can lead to an overactive bladder at night. (Image via Pexels/Charlotte May)

Lifestyle habits such as drinking caffeinated beverages and alcohol can also lead to waking up at night and frequent urination at night. These are diuretics that make the body produce more urine.

What causes frequent urination in females at night?

In females, in particular, frequent urination at night is a common symptom of pregnancy.

It can occur during the early days of pregnancy and can increase later as the fetus grows and cause the uterus to put pressure on the bladder.

Female nocturnal enuresis can also be caused by certain medications and lifestyle choices as discussed above.

How to stop frequent urination at night?

Treatment for frequent urination at night can include certain medications, including diuretics, anticholinergics, and desmopressin.

While diuretics such as Lasix and Bumex can help control the amount of urine you produce, anticholinergics such as Mirabegron and Detrol can reduce symptoms of overactive bladder. Meanwhile, desmopressin can help the kidneys produce less urine.

However, before taking any medication, you should always consult your doctor about which options are best for you. This is especially important if you are already taking any type of medication.

Apart from medications, treating the underlying causes can also help in managing frequent urination at night. For example, if you have a urinary tract infection, you may need medications to treat the condition. If you are pregnant, you may need to avoid medications and seek some home remedies as suggested by your doctor.

Preventive tips

While medications and all can help manage your condition, there are preventive steps you can take to reduce its impact on your daily life. These include:

  • Reduce the amount of water or other fluids you drink before bed
  • Avoid caffeine and alcohol before bed
  • Avoid certain foods that irritate the bladder, such as acidic foods, chocolate, artificial sweeteners, and spicy foods
  • Do Kegel exercises to improve bladder control and strengthen the pelvic muscles

Avoid caffeine before bed.  (Image via Pexels / Engin Akyurt)
Avoid caffeine before bed. (Image via Pexels / Engin Akyurt)

It is important to pay attention to what causes frequent urination at night and exacerbates your symptoms. Knowing this can help you manage your habits and activities accordingly.

Remember that nocturia is a treatable condition, so talk to your doctor if you find yourself getting up 2-3 or more times at night to urinate. Your doctor may run some tests to determine the underlying cause.


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